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Question: How is it that God has always existed?
Answer: This is an excellent question and one that has robustly been debated for a very long time.
The orthodox Christian position is that God has always existed and was never created. In other words, God always has been. Not only is this the consistent witness of Scripture but it is also the most logical answer.
God having been an uncreated Creator is what is called divine aseity. Aseity means that God is self-sufficient and independent of anything else. In other words, God needs nothing outside of Himself to exist or continue. Whereas we as created beings need things outside of ourselves to exist. We need air to breathe, food to live, and outside rescue for our souls.
I’ve heard some say God created because He was lonely. This is false and unbiblical. God doesn’t get lonely because that would mean He has lack and needs something outside of Himself. God needs nothing.
If you’ll recall when Moses asked God His name, the following exchange took place:
Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?” 14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I am has sent me to you.’” –Exodus 3:13-14, ESV
God is claiming divinity and self-existence in His answer to Moses. He is, He was, He always will be.
We can also go back to Genesis 1. “in the beginning, God created…” From the beginning of Scripture we know God was already there when He created the Heavens and the Earth (i.e., everything).
Psalm 90:2, “Before the mountains were brought forth,
or ever you had formed the earth and the world,
from everlasting to everlasting you are God.
John 1:1-3, In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.
The last verses of course deal with Jesus. As fully God, Jesus shares the same eternal attributes with God.
Many more Scriptures can be sited but for now this will suffice for our purposes.
Not only does Scripture obviously teach the eternality of God but logic can speak to it as well.
“Who created God?” This question has been asked by objectors to Christianity for a very long time. Suppose we had an answer apart from divine aseity and said God was created by a. What would be the next question? “Okay, who created a?” Suppose we had another answer and said a was created by b. The next question would be who made b! And so on and so forth.
You can imagine this line of questioning would go on for a while. It would be without end, because we would have an infinite list of gods who created gods who created gods until we get to the God of the bible. This is logically incoherent.
What we need (and indeed, what we have) is an uncreated Creator. God is self-sufficient, in need of nothing, and has been unchanging God in eternity past and will be in eternity future. God has always existed even before time began because He is the creator of time. God was, is, and always will be. He needs nothing – we need Him. This is the Biblical and logical witness.
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